The Shenzhen Metro (SZM) is the subway system for the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong Province, China. It is owned and operated by the Shenzhen Metro Company, Ltd. (SZMC). The metro opened on December 28, 2004, making Shenzhen the fifth city in mainland China to have a subway after Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and Guangzhou. The Shenzhen Metro currently has 2 lines, 19 stations, and 21.8 km of total trackage in operation. Both existing lines are undergoing expansion and three new lines are under now construction. The network will reach a total length of 177 km by 2011
The current system has only two lines and provides a relatively fast and economical way of traveling in east-central part of Shenzhen, compared to buses and taxis. It also runs to the border crossings between the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region at Luohu and Huanggang/Lok Ma Chau Station, where riders can transfer to Hong Kong’s MTR East Rail Line for travel to Hong Kong. The metro currently lacks access to the east side, particularly Yantian, a high tech foreign business park and busy port.
Lines in Operation
Line 1(Luohu to Airport East)
Line 1 of the Metro runs westward from Luohu to Airport East (Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport ), a popular tourist spot in Shenzhen. Trains operate at 3 to 4 minute frequency during peak hours and 5 to 6 minute frequencies at other times. An electronic signboard system displays estimated train arrival times.
Serving as the main city development axe of Shenzhen, Shenzhen Metro Line 2 also undertakes the function of connecting the railway trunk lines in Luohu district, Futian central district, Nanshan secondary central area, Shekou area and the around the districts, forming the second large east-west direction channel of passenger transportation. The Metro Line 2 project starts from Chiwan Station (former Shekou West Station) in Nanshan district in the west and ends at Xinxiu Station in Luohu district in the east, with a total length of about 35.78 kilometers. The line is all set underground with totally 29 stations and 11 transfer stations..
Line 3,Longgang Line(Yitian to Buji to Shuanglong)
Longgang Line will run 41.8 km with 30 stations from Hongling to Yitian Village and will be built in two phases. Construction on Phase I which runs 32.86 km from Caopu to Shuanglong began on 26 December 2005. Phase I was completed on 28 December 2010. The entire line is scheduled to open 30 June 2011. It will connect with Luobao Line at Laojie and Shopping Park, with Shekou Line at Futian, with Longhua Line at Children’s Palace, with Huanzhong Line at Buji and run out to Longgang in the north-east of the city.
The line is operated by Shenzhen Metro No.3 Line Operations Branch Corporation
- 28 December 2010: Caopu – Shuanglong
- 16 June 2011: Yitian – Caopu
Line 4 Longhua Line(Qinghu to Futiankouan)
Longhua Line of Shenzhen Metro runs northward from Futian Checkpoint (Futiankouan) to Qinghu. Trains operate at 8 minute frequencies at all times. There are electronic signboard system which display estimated train arrival times.
The line is operated by MTR Corporation (Shenzhen), a subsidiary of MTR Corporation, since 1July 2010.
- 28 December 2004: Fumin – Children’s Palace
- 28 June 2007: Futian Checkpoint – Fumin
- 16 June 2011: Children’s Palace – Qinghu
Line 5,Huanzhong Line(Qianhaiwan to Huangbeiling)
Huanzhong Line will run from Qianhaiwan in the west to Huangbeiling in the east. It is 40.001 km in total length with 27 stations. Construction began in May 2009 and is scheduled to be completed by June 2011. Huanzhong Line requires total investment of Y20.6 billion. This line has been open to public since 2 p.m., June 22th, 2011.
- 22 June 2011: Qianhaiwan – Huangbeiling
- 当心绊倒,Caution Stumbling
- 小心地滑,Caution Wet Floor
- 自动售票,TVM(Ticket machine)
- 自动验票机,Ticket Checking Machine
- 自动增值机,Add Value Machine
- 客服中心,Customer Service Center
- 紧急出口,Emergency Exit
- 严禁吸烟,NO SMOKING
- 严禁携带易燃易爆有毒物品,Bringing Combustibles Poisons and Explosives is Prohibited
- 严禁携带宠物,NO PET
- 严禁携带气球,NO Balloon
- 请勿饮食,NO Drinking Or Eating
- 升降电梯,Accessible Elevator,Lift
- 自动取款机,ATM(automated teller machine)
Fares and tickets
Metro rides are priced according to distance travelled, and varies from Y2 to 5. Children under the height of 110 cm may ride for free when accompanied by an adult. The metro also offers free rides to senior citizens over the age of 65, the blind, and the physically disabled.
Metro fares can be paid for with single-ride tokens, multiple-ride Shenzhen Metro TransCards or weekly passes.
Cash fares range from 2 to 5 Renminbi, depending on the distance to be traveled, and can be purchased at ticket machines or at the information counter. When using cash fare, a green RFID token is purchased and used to record the station entrance information. To exit the station, one needs only to deposit the token in the slot at the station exit gate. The maximum fare will be charged if the passenger is unable to return the token.
Shenzhen Tong cards
Shenzhen Tong is similar to the Octopus card system used on the MTR rail lines in Hong Kong. The multiple fare card stores credit purchased at stations. It is easy to use; simply wave it in front of the card reader located at all entrances and exits to the subway system. Riders who pay for metro fare with the transcard receive a 5% discount. Beginning March 1, 2008, riders who pay for a bus fare with the transcard and then a subway fare within 90 minutes receive an additional 40% discount on the subway fare.
Unlike Hong Kong Octopus Cards, Shenzhen Tong cards cannot be sold back to the stations or have faults dealt with by SZMC. Instead, the customer must go to the offices of Shenzhen Tong. Students studying in Shenzhen can use the Shenzhen Tong to receive a 50% discount.
Safety &Station facilities, amenities and services
Stations have toilets (free of charge), and public telephones (although at some stations, these have not yet been connected). SZMC also operates luggage storage facilities in the concourse above Luo Hu Station.
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